KULENOVIC  C o l l e c t i o n - Works on Paper

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Jean Francois de Troy 
French 
“ Suzanne”  1727 
engraving

 
 




                             

Jean François de Troy (January 27, 1679, Paris - January 26, 1752, Rome) was a French Rococo painter and
tapestry designer. He was one of a family of painters, being the son of the portrait painter François de Troy
(1645-1730), under whom he first studied, and at whose expense he went to Italy 1699-1706, staying in Rome,
but also visiting many north Italian cities. Jean François de Troy was born on January 27, 1679 in Paris.
The successful career of Jean François de Troy was based initially on large historical and allegorical compositions,
such as Time Unveiling Truth (1733) in the National Gallery, London, but he is now most highly regarded for his
smaller and more spirited scenes of elegant social life. They are among the best of those that rode on the wave
of Watteau's success--indeed The Alarm, or the Gouvernante Fidèle (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1723)
was attributed to Watteau in the 19th century. A versatile artist, he made tableaux de modes famous, painting histories
and mythologies in a colourful and fluent manner which owed something to both Veronese and Peter Paul Rubens.
He undertook commissions for Versailles and Fontainebleau between 1724 and 1737, and designed two sets of tapestries
for the Gobelins, each of seven subjects, the Histoire d'Esther (1737-40) and the Histoire de Jason (1743-6).
In 1738 he was appointed Director of the French Academy in Rome, and spent the rest of his life there. De Troy's wife
died prematurely, and he lost of all his seven children. Jean François de Troy died on January 26, 1752 in Rome